E-SHRAM– Facts You Must Know & Let others too know
The A long wait to the E-Shram Portal launched by the centre to register 38 crore unorganized workers has come to an end. The number of workers in the unorganized sector was dealing with the income losses and food shortages during the covid-19 pandemic. According to the (PLFS) Periodic Labour Force Survey, 2018-2019 brought out by the National Statistics Office (NSO), 90 percent of the workers were in the unorganized sector and this Novel coronavirus has dragged lakhs of workers or more than twice as many workers into the Informal sector workforce. Both the urban and rural areas have been hit by the pandemic dramatically.
Recently, after the repeated emphasis by the Supreme Court E-Shram a web portal came into being, for creating a National Database of unorganized workers (NDUW) has been launched on August 26, 2021, by the (MOLE) the Ministry of Labour and Employment which will be linked with Aadhaar and E-Shram card will be issued containing a 12 digit unique number to unorganized workers or informal workers.
The E-Shram has covered the instant benefit of accident insurance or permanent disability up to Rs. 2 lakh which will be given to registered workers and Rs.1.0 lakh will be given on partial disability under the Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY). The migrant workers will be able to avail themselves of the benefits regardless of their locations. E-Shram denies excess to workers covered by EPF (Employee Provident Fund) and ESI (Employees State Insurance) and workers aged over 59 years from its reach. The Data security concerns are also associated with the absence of stringent Data Protection law. Further, the existence of the Digital divide in India and low levels of digital literacy may exclude the workers from the ambit of the E-Shram portal.
The E-Shram portal is formed to avail the welfare benefits given under various government schemes after the successful completion of the registration process of the unorganized or informal workers.
The Ministry of Labour and Employment has classified the unorganized Labour force under four groups:-
- Occupation: It covers landless agricultural laborers and small and marginal farmers, sharecroppers, fishermen, etc.
- Nature of Employment: It covers
Attached agricultural workers, contract and casual laborers, migrant laborers, bonded laborers, etc.
- Specially Distressed Category: It covers
a person who harvests toddy from a palm known as toddy tappers, vehicles of head loads, drivers of animal-driven vehicles, loaders and unloaders, scavengers.
- Service Category: It covers barbers, Domestic workers, Fishermen and women, midwives, Vegetable and fruit vendors, etc.
INITIATIVES TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO AID THE UNORGANISED SECTOR
The recent Report of the World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends (WESO) 2021 said the covid-19 hardship has hit unguarded workers, including 2 billion in the unorganized or informal sector, women, and young people heavily.
Here we will be discussing two important schemes briefly which supported the food security needs of poor families, migrant workers, and unorganized or informal sector workers and prevented food riots in India during the covid-19 disruptions. Also, we will look into how the government has come up to tackle unemployment and to engage more workforce into formal sectors establishments.
1.THE PRADHAN MANTRI GARIB KALYAN ANN YOJANA 3.0
The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana has been reintroduced for two months May and June in 2021 to aid unorganized or informal sector workers and needy families. The scheme was a part of the ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ (self-reliant), launched in March 2020 considering the poor families and migrant workers’ hardships on the account of covid-19 disruptions. The scheme aimed at providing free of cost foodgrains 51 kg of rice and wheat per month per person to each family through public distribution system holding ration cards and those who are covered under the National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA). The scheme is operated by the Department of Food and Public distribution which comes under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, and is entirely borne by the central government.
2. THE PRADHAN MANTRI ROJGAR PROTSAHAN YOJANA (PMRPY)
The Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana has been implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment to incentivize employers to increase employment in establishments and to bring unorganized or informal sector workforce to the formal sector establishments to provide social security benefits to the formal sector workforce. Under this scheme, the central government is paying Employers’ full contributions 12 percent towards EPF(Employees Provident Fund) and EPS (Employees Pension Scheme) to the new employees who have been registered with the EPFO (Employees Provident Fund Organisation). The recipients registered up to 31 March 2019 will obtain the benefits for the three years from the date of registration.
Any organization which is covered under the EPFO (Employees Provident Fund Organisation) 1952, can apply to avail the benefits. The establishments must have a Labour Identification Number) LIN. The complete system is online and AADHAR based with no human interface.
How to Register to E-Shram Portal : Video Tutorial
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