mask

MASK A TOOL THAT SAVES US

Health and Fitness

Mask, is it necessary?

Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Asthma, and Covid-19 are leading causes of death worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. Here we will be discussing the significance of masks in Tuberculosis along with Asthma and Covid-19 and a look on steps taken to get relief.

mask


PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS


According to WHO (World Health Organization) annually 26,40,000 new cases 4,36,000 deaths, 28%, and 14% multi-drug resistance in new and old cases respectively. Each year 24th March is remarked as World Tuberculosis Day. The theme of world TB day 2021 – ‘the clock is Ticking. TB is one of the world’s top infectious diseases. TB is spread from person to person through the air. TB bacilli, throw out by those with pulmonary TB while coughing or spitting are inhaled by others. Unlike viruses with a short life span in the atmosphere. The Bacilli in sputum remain alive even in a dried state, for days to weeks and get air-borne.
If each one has a mask while outside the home, spitting in public places and inhalation of TB Bacilli will badly deteriorate and we can also achieve the sustainable development goal for 2030.



Some steps have been taken by the Indian Government to curb TUBERCULOSIS



NIKSHAY PORTAL was launched in June 2012 by the Government of India to create a tuberculosis-free nation and to keep a track of TB patients across the country.

NIKSHAY ROSHAN YOJANA was launched by the government of India in April 2018, is a direct benefit transfer scheme to provide nutritional support for TB patients.

NATIONAL TB ELIMINATION PROGRAMME was launched in 1997, a centrally sponsored scheme being implemented under the aegis of the National Health Mission. The program layout, quality tuberculosis diagnosis, and various free-of-cost treatment services covering the country through the government health system.


ASTHMA



A common problem in children and adults. It can occur for many different reasons some common triggers of Asthma include:- Allergens, Cigarette Smoke, Air Pollutants both indoor and outdoor, and tobacco smoke. Nevertheless, viral respiratory infections like the common cold and the flu can cause asthma attacks.
As stated by the WHO (World Health Organisation), about 235 million people have asthma worldwide.

A present Indian Study on Epidemiology of Asthma, Respiratory Symptoms and Chronic Bronchitis executed the 84,470 women and 85,105 men from 11 rural areas and 12 urban areas in India forecasted the superiority of asthma in India amid those aged >15 years, along with an estimated national load of 18 million asthmatics.

Every year May 5 is observed as World Asthma Day (WAD). The Theme of the 2021 World Asthma Day is “Uncovering Asthma Misconceptions”.
Many with respiratory allergies, who consistently wore masks, have found considerable relief.

COVID-19


We all have understood noticeable lifestyle changes resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic are the unavoidable use of face masks. Face coverings can contain droplets expelled from the wearer. COVID 19 is a respiratory disease with severity. Transmission occurs from man to man via respiratory droplets just like Influenza and other seasonal flu viruses.

The disease can hurt the walls along with the linings of the air sacs in your lungs. As your body tries to make an effort to combat it, your lungs become more inflamed and fill with fluid. This can make it difficult for them to swap oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Universally, according to WHO (World Health Organization) as of 4 August 2021, there have been 199,466,211 confirmed cases of COVID-19, as well as 4,244,541 fatalities. As of 3 August 2021, a total of 3,946,458,313 vaccine doses have been executed.

Here are few steps that were taken by the Government of India for the betterment of the lives of the people of India.



GARIB KALYAN INSURANCE SCHEME


It covers the families of those who have lost their lives on Covid-related duty, an effort to secure the life of front-line public health workers.



EMERGENCY CREDIT LINE GUARANTEE SCHEME to extend support to the business.



PRADHAN MANTRI JAN AROGYA YOJANA


It provides a cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization covering public and private listed hospitals in India.



CONCLUSION



Air pollution with toxic particulate matter and crop burning offer toxic particles, face mask offers considerable protection from inhalation.
Smoking in public continues to be a problem in India, which even puts non-smokers at risk. Insistence on wearing masks in public will be a deterrent to smoking and will protect smokers and non-smokers.
Comprehensive mask use can, seriously, bring down virus transmission in communities.
Truly, the simple face mask, which ancient Jain Munis worn and encouraged, has multiple advantages well far away from the pandemic. Regardless of the aftermath of these above health problems, do not drop aspiration. Reconstructs your life and gives wings. As safety measure , use and let others use mask .

Poonam Mishra
Author: Poonam Mishra