Table of Contents
- 1 TWO-CHILD: DOES INDIA HAVE A RIGHT TO MORE?
- 2 TWO-CHILD POLICY IN INDIA
- 3 TWO-CHILD POLICY IN INDIAN STATES
- 4 MOST IMPORTANT PURPOSE OF THE TWO-CHILD POLICY
- 5 CRITICISMS ON TWO-CHILD POLICY
- 6 EFFECTS OF TWO-CHILD POLICY
- 7 WHY WE NEED NOT TO IMPLEMENT A TWO-CHILD POLICY?
- 8 TWO-CHILD POLICY WAY FORWARD
TWO-CHILD: DOES INDIA HAVE A RIGHT TO MORE?
TWO-CHILD POLICY IN INDIA
India was among the first countries to launch a family planning program in 1951 as a result of a concern for India’s growing population. In the recent past, the government of Assam announced people who have more than two children will not be eligible for government jobs.
Along with India, several countries have previously been used two-child policy such as Iran, Singapore, and Vietnam. In 2016, China adopted a two-child policy, now it has been replaced by a three-child policy. This is a government-imposed limit of two children allowed per family or the payment of government subsidies only to the first two children. Non-Adherence to TWO-CHILD POLICY will lead to disqualification for the government recruitment and panchayat elections.
TWO-CHILD POLICY IN INDIAN STATES
1.Maharashtra: The Maharashtra Civil Services (Declaration of Small Family) Rule of 2005 has designated that a person is not eligible for a government job and contesting local body elections having more than two children.
2.Rajasthan: As reported by the Rajasthan Government in June 2000, an applicant who has more than two children is not eligible for government recruitment.
3.Uttar Pradesh: The Draft bill of Uttar Pradesh has provisions to debar government employees from benefits of perks and schemes having more than two-child.
MOST IMPORTANT PURPOSE OF THE TWO-CHILD POLICY
A two-child policy was needed since china’s family planning has proven effective in alleviating both overpopulation, uncontrolled population growth and has led to radical changes in China’s demographic situation.
The Chinese government claimed that the goal was to move toward a voluntary small-family culture. Since India and China, both are patriarchal societies and both have given preferences to males over females the need for a two-child policy helped to eradicate male dominating societies.
A two-Child policy is needed to provide opportunities and all-around development. It will foster the equal distribution of resources among the people of India. Since the resources of India have been overburdened.
CRITICISMS ON TWO-CHILD POLICY
Experts in India argued that the two-child policy law in India violates the right to birth of women. It may lead to increase infanticide of female fetuses and babies along with sex-selective abortions.
With time, India could face severe negative population growth. It leads to discrimination against the girl child. It has serious implications for the Democratic rights especially of the weaker sections, women, and youth. It is a clear violation of the rights of different individuals.
EFFECTS OF TWO-CHILD POLICY
The National Policy for the Empowerment of Women 2001 and the National Health Policy 2002, emphasize women’s empowerment and social development as a key to the success of national development. At this point, the world around us is in danger from environmental degradation having as many children is no longer viable. We are exposed to more population than the planet can bear. It will fabricate fear among the educated people needed to carry out research and development and technological advancement.
WHY WE NEED NOT TO IMPLEMENT A TWO-CHILD POLICY?
After the second world war when the population of many countries was severely affected, countries provided incentives to couples to have more children because there were not enough hands to run the economy.
This new law in the Indian states could threaten economic growth with the working-age population. To understand better for instance the overall population of JAPAN and CHINA is shrinking due to low fertility rates, the ageing population is rapidly increasing. The TWO-CHILD policy in China has created many societal problems.
The policy is against the rights of children born after the second child.
This violates the right to excess to healthcare and denies nutritional supplements for pregnant women having more than two children. According to the Census of India 2011, India has a Crude Birth Rate of 21.8. Over the years, the total fertility rate has, for instance, 5.2 to 4.5 from 1971 to 1981 and from 3.6 to 2.4 from 1991 to 2011.
TWO-CHILD POLICY WAY FORWARD
Empowering women and providing them with more choices through access to education, skill development, and employment opportunities are key features of this new approach. Providing quality care services and giving hope for the survival of children is the best way to move forward with. The coercive sterilizations have sparked violence in 1971 so forcefully introduced policies will not be a game-changer, instead, the government should spread the awareness for ideal family planning. Population becomes an asset when investments are made in the form of education, training, and medical care. The need of the hour is to focus on the above to create robust infrastructure and affordable life for all without any violations of Human Rights.